Journal of Physical Therapy and Health Promotion
Journal of Physical Therapy and Health Promotion(PTHP)
Frequency: Annually
Fine Motor Skill Proficiency in Children with and Without Down Syndrome
Fine motor skills (FMS) represent the main part of various activities of daily living (ADL). Children with fine motor skill impairments have a difficulty with everyday activities, social interaction with peers and academic achievement. The aim of the current study was to evaluate fine motor skill proficiency in children with Down Syndrome (DS) and typically developing (TD) children. One hundred children, ages 8 - 10, fifty children with DS (DS group) and fifty typically developing children (TD group) participated in the present study. FMS proficiency was evaluated for all participants using the Bruininks - Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2). Two motor-area composites; Fine Manual Control (including fine motor precision and fine motor integration subtests) and Manual Coordination (including manual dexterity and upper limb coordination subtests) were chosen to assess different aspects of fine motor skills of participants. Significant differences were found between both groups in all subtest scores and in the Fine Manual Control and Manual Coordination composite score (P < 0.05). Additionally, significant differences were noticed within the DSG and the TDG regarding their respective performances in the evaluated subtests and composites of the BOT-2 (P < 0.05). DS children have a lower performance than peers with typical development in all aspects of FMS proficiency. Fine motor performance should be considered when evaluating school-aged children with DS, as it is essential in planning early rehabilitation programs for them.
Keywords:Down Syndrome; Bruininks - Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency; Manual Coordination; Fine Manual Control; Fine Motor Skill Proficiency
Author: Gehan Mosaad Abd- El Maksoud


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