Journal of Intelligent Transportation and Urban Planning
Journal of Intelligent Transportation and Urban Planning(ITUP)
ISSN:2373-0757(Print)
ISSN:2373-0765(Online)
Frequency: Annually
Website: www.bowenpublishing.com/itup/
Impact of Overseas Traffic Growth on Total Shipping Transport at Major Ports in India
Abstract:
Ports form an important infrastructure in the Indian economy in facilitating the international trade and commerce by providing an interface between the ocean transport and the land based transport system. Despite the tremendous growth of the multi-modal transport system within the country such as roadways, railways and airways, ports and shipping still continue to be the major mode and means of transport, to handle the bulk of India’s international trade. India has a coastline of 7600 kilometers with a well-established port infrastructure, covering 13 Major Ports (12 government and 1 corporate) and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports, spreading across 9 coastal states of the country. These Major Ports serve as the gateways to country’s international trade by sea and handle sizeable volumes of physical cargo traffic, with most of them operating over or near saturation levels of their handling capacities. As India’s traffic is growing, in response to the global competition, Indian shipping sector needs to update its fleet performance to meet the rising demand for the overall fleet. Now, total shipping at the Major Ports implies total fleet which broadly includes both the total fleet (different category – wise cargo vessels) solely meant for trade purposes and the total grand fleet. The latter includes other fleet, apart from the above mentioned total category – wise cargo fleet, for non-trade purposes. So, the primary objective of this paper is to examine the impact of the overall growth of the overseas traffic performance on the total shipping performance at the Major Ports of India over the period (1999-2000 to 2013-14). Therefore, this paper has focused on the total shipping performance in terms of the growth as well as the growth rate of the total fleet in response to the growth of the overseas cargo traffic at these ports. The latter includes overseas exports, imports and the total trade.
Keywords:Trade and Shipping; Major Ports; India; Regression Model
Author: Aparna Banerjee,Sudakshina Gupta

References:

  1. M. Barke, Transport and trade, Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, 1986.
  2. Button, and J. Kenneth, Transport Economics, 2nd edition, Edward Elgar Publishing Company, USA, 1982.
  3. L. Flor, and E. Defilippi, “Port infrastructure: an access model for the essential facility,” Maritime Economics and Logistics, vol. 5(2), pp. 116-132, 2003.
  4. Ministry of Shipping (GOI), Road, Transport & Highways, National Maritime Development Report (Port Sector), Department of Shipping (GOI), New Delhi, 2006. Available: http://www.shipping.nic.in.
  5. http://www.maps of india.com.
  6. B. Ghosh, and P. De, “Indian Ports and Globalisation – Grounding Economics in Geography,” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 36, pp. 3271-3283, 2001.
  7. B. Ghosh, and P. De, “Role of Infrastructure in Regional Development: A Study over Plan Period,” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 35(18-19), pp. 3039-3048, 1998.
  8. P. De, “Performance of Indian Ports,” Indian Ports, vol. 35(2), pp. 5-12, 1999.
  9. N. Mukherjee, The Port of Calcutta – A Short History, The Commissioners for the Port of Calcutta, Calcutta, 1968.
  10. P. Banerjee, Calcutta and its Hinterlands, Progressive Publishers, Calcutta, 1975.
  11. A. Ray, Maritime India: Ports and Shipping, Pearl Publishers, Calcutta, 1993.
  12. S. Chakraborty, Port of Calcutta, 125 years, Calcutta Port Trust, Calcutta, 1995.
  13. S. Sau, Port and Development – A Study of Calcutta Port in India, Firma Klm Private Limited, Calcutta, 1997.
  14. R. Ramkrishnan, “Scenario of Port Handling & Vision,” Indian Ports, vol. 35(2), pp. 5-17, 2003.
  15. E. J. Taaffe, R. L. Morrill, and P. R. Gould, “Transport expansion in underdeveloped countries: a comparative analysis,” Geographical Review, vol. 53, pp. 503-529, 1963.
  16. G. G. Weigend, “Some elements in the study of port geography,” Geographical Review, vol. 48, pp. 185-200, 1958.
  17. D. N. Gujrati, and Sangeetha, Basic Econometrics, Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publications, New Delhi, 2008.
  18. Indian Ports Association, Major Ports of India, IPA, New Delhi, Various Issues. Available: http://www.ipa.nic.in.
  19. http://www.shipping.nic.in.