Journal of Earth Science Research
Journal of Earth Science Research(JESR)
ISSN:2330-1740(Print)
ISSN:2330-1759(Online)
Frequency: Annually
Website: www.bowenpublishing.com/jesr/
Use of Limited Data to Model Lake Water Clarity from Remote Sensed Data in Lake Mattamuskeet, North Carolina
Abstract:
Water clarity is an important criterion for not only water quality monitoring but also the environmental management of a lake and its surrounding watershed. This research focuses on the evaluation of Landsat 8 for the modelling of water clarity in Lake Mattamuskeet, Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina. The main objective of this study was to determine the relationship between remotely sensed data and secchi disc transparency (SDT) measurements in Lake Mattamuskeet using publically available SDT data and Landsat imagery. To adress this objective, the following quaestions were examned in this study: 1) Can in-situ SDT measurements be used to adequately model water clarity from remote sensed data despite non-extensive field sampling? 2) Can comparable estimates of water clarity using Landsat 8 for the east and west sides of Lake Mattamuskeet, North Carolina be developed based on previous remote sensing studies? Although Landsat 8 has been infrequently used to establish relationships, this study includes one cloud-free Landsat 8 image captured on the same day 30 samples of SDT data were collected for the development of linear regression models. Single bands and band combinations were correlated with brightness value and SDT by using multiple and simple regression analysis. Backward elimination and Akaike’s information criteria (AIC) were used to select the best performing model for each side of the lake. The results of this study suggested that limited field measurements can be used to model Lake Mattamuskeet water clarity from remote sensed data (R2= 0.40-0.82, P< 0.05). This research demonstrates a first attempt for analysis of water clarity in Lake Mattamuskeet using available Landsat 8 data in an effort to increase capacities of monitoring agencies for assessing changes in lake water clarity.
Keywords:Landsat 8; Secchi Disk Transparency; Water Clarity; Remote Sensing; Lake Mattamuskeet
Author: Sibel Ozen,Stacy A. C. Nelson,Siamak Khorram,Michelle Moorman,Halil Cakir

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