Journal of Earth Science Research
|Regional Differences of Hypsometry in Reference to Geotectonic and Geomorphometric Vectors in Atreyee River Basin of Indo-Bangladesh
|Hypsometric Curve and Hypsometric Integral both are the superior indicators to determine the geologic development stage of any river basin. This paper’s goal is the identification of a regional hypsometric pattern in reference to the hypsometric curve (HC) and hypsometric integral (HI). It is also to investigate whether there is any control of altitude, shape and size of the basin, hierarchy of basin, geological and geotectonic settings of the basin on hypsometric pattern of the Atreyee river basin. The basin covers a 19748 sq. km. area of Indo-Bangladesh. In total, 33 sub-basins were created using 30 m. resolution of SRTM DEM and GIS for knowing the hypsometric pattern. Besides this, linear regression is used to investigate the influence of basin parameters on HI. The results demonstrate that the HI values of the sub basins range from 26.5% to 48.5%, and the average HI of the basin is 36.61%. Therefore, it is to be said that the basin is in the mature stage of the geomorphic cycle of erosion. It indicates that the Atreyee river basin has been passing through a youthful stage where there should be a balance between erosion and transportation; the upper catchment is eroded in quite a high rate, but the lower catchment is characterized by deposition dominance. The regression analysis represents that the hypsometric integral and area of all the 33 sub-basins showed very weak relation (r²= 0.009) and it is insignificant. Thus, no such control of basin size was found on HI. Such definite control is also not found on basin shape (r2=0.054) and basin altitude on HI. In case of stream order, the mean HI for 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th order river basins are respectively 38.96%, 36.72%, 33.76% and 29%. Thus, from 2nd to 4th order river basin, no such hypsometric difference is found. Only in the case of the 5th order river basin is it quite low. Although, the river basin and its surroundings account for many faults and lineaments, which can be considered potential displacements of rock, but they have no remarkable impact of such fault zones for dictating HI. It might be that these sites were once modified by faulting activities, but ample deposition has created superimposed surfaces over the existing fault planes.
|Keywords:Hypsometric Curve; Hypsometric Integral; Regional Hypsometric Pattern; Fault; Lineaments; Superimposed Surface
|Author: Tamal Kanti Saha,Swades Pal
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