Journal of Intelligent Transportation and Urban Planning
Journal of Intelligent Transportation and Urban Planning(ITUP)
ISSN:2373-0757(Print)
ISSN:2373-0765(Online)
Frequency: Annually
Website: www.bowenpublishing.com/itup/
Vehicular Pollution in Kolkata in the Pre Phasing-Out, Phasing-Out and Post Phasing-Out Periods: A Case Study
Abstract:
The rapid growth of urban population has led to a huge increase in demand for transport worldwide. The situation is no different in India. A report of the Government of West Bengal shows that between 1996 and 2011, numbers of registered vehicles have nearly doubled in Kolkata, while the road space i.e. the length of roadway in kilometres where vehicles actually ply, has remained unchanged at 6%. According to WBPCB, 50% of the air pollution load in the city is attributable to vehicles. More than 7 out of 10 people here suffer from various kinds of respiratory disorders. Though many steps have been taken by the government for curbing air pollution, some of them on the basis of High Court orders, yet there is a need to follow stricter norms. This paper makes an attempt to compare vehicular pollution on the roads of Kolkata Municipal Corporation area for the years 1997-98, 2007-08 and 2012-13 on the basis of secondary data and see whether levels of pollutants have gone up. It also tries to estimate the health damage cost of vehicular air pollution in Kolkata.
Keywords:Air Pollution; Transportation; Emissions; Phasing-Out; Vehicular Pollution; Urbanization; Health Damage Cost
Author: Aparajita Chakrabartty,Sudakshina Gupta

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